Cyber security protects internet-connected devices such as hardware, software, and data from various online threats. Businesses require cyber security to safeguard their data, intellectual property, and money. The global cybersecurity market size in 2021 was $216.10 billion and is predicted to increase to $478.68 billion by 2030, representing a CAGR of 9.5% during 2021-2030. Cybersecurity in the manufacturing sector is becoming increasingly important as cyber-attacks become more frequent and severe. Collaborative robots heavily depend on information technology to create a fenceless collaborative environment between humans and robots. Cybersecurity threats in collaborative robots are particularly serious because the consequences of an attack can range from data theft to product damage and human injuries. The global collaborative robots market was $701.56 Million in 2021 and is predicted to reach $2506.90 Million by 2030, representing a CAGR of 15.2% throughout the estimated period 2021-2030. Recent trends
• Cyber-physical systems Cyber-physical systems incorporate and coordinate physical processes with computational elements, communication networks, and remote information storage. Furthermore, SCF operates through “systems of systems” that interact and communicate with one another via networks and software.
The development of sensors and actuators to perform control actions, monitoring, the generation of new knowledge, self-learning, and process reconfiguration are the key functions of Cyber-Physical Systems in the industry. The mobile internet and the internet of things (IoT) have allowed current industrial systems to be more flexible, suitable, durable, expandable, usable, and secure. Cyber-physical systems have been used in a variety of fields, including the creation of intelligent robots, medical or healthcare equipment, vehicular and transportation systems, surveillance systems, smart cities, and video games.
In today’s industry, CFS enables the real-time monitoring of the condition of machines or processes, the detection of anomalies, the prediction of failures, and the cloud as a service, all of which contribute to the awareness of more productive, sustainable, and efficient factories
• Modernized ISO Standards
The most recent updates, ISO 10218-1 and ISO 10218-2, provide information on collaborative work requirements and cooperation task typologies. ISO 10218-1 includes the operation of the safety control system, motion braking, and speed control, while ISO 10218-2 includes manual guidance, interface window, and cooperative workspace. The most recent Technical Specification ISO/TS 15066: 2016 attempts to further specify human-robot collaboration by enhancing the requirements and guidelines established in ISO 10218.
• Efficiency in interaction
Cybersecurity risks that can affect collaborative robots
• Unsecured environments: The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is one of the most concerning aspects of Industry 4.0. The Internet of Things includes IIoT (The Industrial Internet of Things). Both terms refer to the expanding network of devices and sensors linked by networks. While the collaborative robot itself is not directly at risk, a hacker with access to the network can gain access to the robot through its connectivity.
• Industrial espionage: Today, cyber espionage aimed at both public and private targets is a major cyber threat. It is critical to keep confidential information about the company’s on-going research, new products, financial situation, and data. It is extremely dangerous for a company to lose control, even for a short period. Also, Phishing emails, virus and malware-infected websites, USB sticks, and direct cyber-attacks can all be used to launch cyber espionage. Regardless of the attack method, the goal is to extract vital data.
• Cybercrime: Malware/ hostage solutions Cyber espionage can also result in cybercrime, such as malware that holds the company’s computers as hostages and only activates them for a fee.
Two types of cyber threats are particularly dangerous for collaborative robots.
One type is designed to disable/break/ specific brands of robots or software. It frequently involves targeting a specific vulnerability, gaining access and causing damage, or holding a process hostage for an extended period of time. The second type is automated attacks on known vulnerabilities in a base system, such as a specific Linux kernel version that affects industrial automation systems, including collaborative robots.
• Missing updates Hackers frequently rely on out-dated software to gain access to a company’s IT systems. According to a Gartner report, more than 90% of cybersecurity incidents utilized vulnerabilities that security experts had known about for at least a year. It can be a significant issue for collaborative robots in IoT or IIoT environments.
• Cyber paralysis One of the most serious cyber-security threats is not directly related to collaborative robots, but it prevents businesses from fully utilizing collaborative robots.
• The rise in investments by the governments worldwide has resulted in rapid technological advancements in the field of robotics. Hence, the criminals are always on the hunt to steal its pivotal information by penetrating through its websites, which in turn have compelled the government to adopt some concrete methods to tackle the risks of malicious cyber-attacks and various other 3rd Party attacks as well.
• In September of this year, the world’s first laboratory dedicated solely to robotic cybersecurity innovation will be opened. This laboratory will feature a wide range of industrial robots, including collaborative robots interacting directly with workers, conventional industrial robots, and mobile robotic platforms.
• The European Union, increasingly involved in digitalization, has begun to take the issues seriously and appears to be preparing a new ‘cyber resilience’ legislation for 2022, which will introduce a common cyber security standard to be applied to connected devices as part of its cybersecurity strategy.
• Training is another option for dealing with insecurity and cyber threats. There are industrial engineers, programmers, cyber security architects, and so on, but robotics is a new field that requires unique skill sets and profiles developed through scientific collaboration.
CONCLUSION The robotics sector, which is becoming more accepted due to the rise in automation, is attempting to reverse the insecurity and digital attack vulnerability. The prevailing trends mentioned above are likely to proliferate the market for the cyber-security systems over the upcoming years.
Recent trends · Cyber-physical systems