Liver transplant surgery can be a life-saving treatment for people with end-stage liver disease. However, it is major surgery with many risks and complications. Some of the potential risks and complications include infection, bleeding, and rejection of the transplanted liver.
A liver transplant comes with huge benefits which are completely based on a few things. Here is some detailed information about liver transplants.
What is a Liver Transplant?
A liver transplant is a surgery that is performed to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy liver from another person. This surgery is usually only considered when all other treatment options have failed. Liver transplants are very complex and risky, and they are not always successful. The most common reason for liver transplant is a chronic liver failure from hepatitis C.
Other reasons can include alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and primary biliary cholangitis. Before, undergoing a liver transplant, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Types of Transplants
A liver transplant is a surgical procedure to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy one from a donor. The most common type of surgery is called an orthotopic transplant, which means the new liver is placed in the same location as the old one. Sometimes, a portion of the healthy liver from a living donor can be transplanted. This is called a living-donor transplant.
There are several risks associated with any surgery, including infection, bleeding, and blood clots. There are also specific risks associated with liver transplant surgery, such as rejection of the new liver, bile duct complications, and problems with the veins in the new liver.
Liver recipients will need to take immunosuppressive drugs to help prevent rejection of the new liver. These drugs can have serious side effects, such as an increased risk for infection and cancer.
Who is Eligible for the Surgery?
A liver transplant is a major operation that is usually only considered for people who have end-stage liver disease. This means that the liver is no longer able to function properly and the person has developed serious complications as a result. A transplant may also be an option for people who have a rare disorder that affects the liver.
People who are considering a liver transplant will need to undergo a rigorous evaluation process to determine whether they are suitable candidates. This process includes tests to assess the person’s liver function and overall health, as well as psychological evaluations to ensure that they are able to cope with the challenges of transplantation.
The patient is healthy enough to undergo surgery and has a body mass index (BMI) of less than 40.
How long does it take?
The is a surgery performed in two steps. The first step is to remove the diseased liver. The second step is to implant the new liver. The surgery usually takes about 8 hours.
Recovery from the surgery can take several weeks. You will likely stay in the hospital for at least 2 weeks after the transplant. You will also need to take medication for the rest of your life to prevent your body from rejecting the new liver
Benefits and Risks
Liver transplant surgery can improve patient’s quality of life, and give them a chance to live a normal life.
The surgery is complex and there are many potential complications, such as bleeding, infection, and rejection of the transplanted organ. The patient will also need to take immunosuppressant medications for the rest of their life to prevent rejection of the transplanted liver.
The risks are that the surgery is complex and carries a high mortality rate, as well as the risk of infection, rejection of the transplanted liver, and complications from the surgery. Despite the risks, a liver transplant can be a successful procedure for many people with liver failure.
While considering a liver transplant, it is important to speak with your doctor about the risks and benefits to make sure it is the appropriate choice for you or a loved one.
How Serious is Liver Transplant Surgery?
One of the technically difficult surgeries is removing part or all of the liver. The main reason why liver transplant surgery is serious because internal bleeding can occur during the surgery, therefore surgeon has to be trained in special techniques to handle the bleeding.
The bleeding will be more for people with liver failure. This is because blood clotting to stop excessive bleeding is one of the liver’s jobs that it stops doing. During the operation, you need multiple blood transfusions during your operations. The process might take between six and 12 hours.
Moreover, the length of the operation might also increase the risk of possible complications. After the surgery, the patient will be under close observation for at least 24 hours. Also, they need to stay in the hospital for one to three weeks after that.
Though there are some risks, the liver transplant success rate in India or any other medically advanced nation is good enough.
Summing it up
A transplant can be a life-saving surgery for people with liver failure. However, it is a complex and risky procedure with a long recovery time. Be sure to discuss the risks and benefits of a transplant with your doctor before making a decision.